# 1074. Number of Submatrices That Sum to Target / Hard

Given a `matrix` and a `target`, return the number of non-empty submatrices that sum to target.

A submatrix `x1, y1, x2, y2` is the set of all cells matrix[x][y] with `x1 <= x <= x2` and `y1 <= y <= y2`.

Two submatrices `(x1, y1, x2, y2)` and `(x1', y1', x2', y2')` are different if they have some coordinate that is different: for example, if `x1 != x1'`.

## Example 1:

Input: matrix = [[0,1,0],[1,1,1],[0,1,0]], target = 0
Output: 4
Explanation: The four 1x1 submatrices that only contain 0.

## Example 2:

Input: matrix = [[1,-1],[-1,1]], target = 0
Output: 5
Explanation: The two 1x2 submatrices, plus the two 2x1 submatrices, plus the 2x2 submatrix.

## Example 3:

Input: matrix = [[904]], target = 0
Output: 0

## Comstraints

• 1 <= matrix.length <= 100
• 1 <= matrix[0].length <= 100
• -1000 <= matrix[i] <= 1000
• -10^8 <= target <= 10^8

# Solution: Prefix Sum + HashMap

## 效能

### Complexity

• Time Complexity: O(MN^2), where M and N are the height and width of the matrix.
• Space Complexity: O(MN)

### LeetCode Result

• Runtime: 591 ms
• Memory Usage: 95.5 MB